Switzerland is famous for beautiful Alpine resorts, luxurious watches, delicious fondue, even-more-delicious chocolate, and the tale of Heidi. And of course Geneva, Switzerland is the home of the second-largest office of the United Nations. That is no coincidence; the Swiss have a long-standing policy of neutrality. The Swiss have not fought a war since 1815, despite being surrounded all sides by combatants in both World War I and World War II.
As Switzerland is studiously neutral, it is a natural meeting place for hostile parties. If Country A and Country B are at war a meeting in either country is likely unthinkable, but both will to send representatives to Geneva to negotiate. There are things that Switzerland can do that much larger, more powerful countries cannot do because they are not neutral. Switzerland’s “brand promise” of neutrality is so strong that when your friends try to drag you into an argument, you can throw up your hands and declare “I’m Switzerland!” to indicate that you will not take sides.
The same considerations sometimes apply in business. It’s in many ways wonderful to be Apple, Google, or Microsoft; these companies have tremendous brands, dominant positions in their markets, and vast amounts of cash to spend on research and development, acquisitions, and marketing. There are certainly things that Google can do better than anyone else because Google is a leading search engine, mail provider, mapping service, and advertising venue. But, there are other things that Google cannot do at all precisely because it is so dominant.
There are advantages to neutrality in business too.